Saying ‘No’ to someone with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can be a challenging experience. People with BPD can often be emotionally unstable and may react in unpredictable and intense ways, making it difficult to assert your boundaries. However, it is important to set and maintain boundaries in any relationship, especially in cases of BPD where there may be a tendency towards codependency and enmeshment.
What is Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)?
BPD, or Borderline Personality Disorder, is a psychological condition marked by tumultuous emotions, a distorted self-concept, and spontaneous actions. Individuals with BPD frequently battle with extreme mood changes and find it challenging to preserve steady relationships because of their fear of being deserted. They may act impulsively and recklessly, and have a proclivity towards self-harm or suicidal tendencies.
Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
The exact cause of BPD is not yet known, however, it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and brain structure factors. Childhood trauma or abuse, particularly emotional or sexual abuse, has been linked to the development of BPD. Additionally, problems with regulation of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, may play a role in the development of BPD.
Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
The symptoms of BPD can be broadly categorized into four domains: emotional dysregulation, disturbed sense of self, impulsivity, and instability in interpersonal relationships. Some common symptoms include:
- Intense, unstable emotions and mood swings
- Chronic feelings of emptiness
- Impulsive or reckless behavior, such as substance abuse or binge eating
- Self-harm or suicidal ideation
- Intense and unstable relationships, with a fear of abandonment
- Distorted self-image and problems with self-worth
- Chronic feelings of boredom or boredom
What Happens When Saying No to Someone with BPD
Saying no to someone with Borderline Personality Disorder can be a difficult and challenging experience, as it may trigger their feelings of abandonment and rejection. People with BPD are often highly sensitive to perceived criticism or rejection, and may respond in extreme ways when faced with disappointment. They may become angry, moody, or engage in self-destructive behaviors as a way to cope with their feelings. This can make saying no to someone with BPD a daunting task, and you may feel guilty or responsible for their distress.
However, it is important to remember that you have a right to set boundaries in your relationships, and that saying no is a healthy and necessary part of maintaining those boundaries. When faced with the challenge of saying no to someone with BPD, it is important to prepare yourself for the potential reaction, and to have a plan in place for how to handle it in a healthy and effective manner.
Why is it Hard to Say No to Someone with BPD
There are several reasons why it may be difficult to say no to someone with Borderline Personality Disorder. People with BPD often have intense and unstable relationships, and they may struggle with feelings of abandonment and rejection. They may cling to others and become emotionally dependent on them, making it difficult to say no without causing them distress. Additionally, they may be prone to extreme mood swings, and may become angry, moody, or engage in self-destructive behaviors when faced with disappointment.
People with BPD may struggle with feelings of abandonment and rejection. Saying no to them can trigger these feelings, causing them to become angry or engage in self-destructive behaviors.
Another reason why it may be difficult to say no to someone with BPD is due to the fear of damaging the relationship. People with BPD are often highly sensitive to perceived criticism or rejection, and you may be afraid that saying no will cause them to lash out or end the relationship. However, it is important to remember that maintaining healthy boundaries and saying no when necessary is a necessary part of any healthy relationship.
Having a Savior Complex towards Someone with BPD
It’s not uncommon for people to feel a strong desire to “save” or help those struggling with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). However, this mindset can be problematic, especially if it leads to the individual enabling harmful behavior and neglecting their own well-being. This is known as having a “savior complex.”
What is a Savior Complex?
A savior complex refers to an individual’s belief that they have a special mission to rescue or save others. This can manifest in various ways, such as feeling responsible for solving others’ problems, taking on too much emotional labor, or sacrificing their own needs in order to help others.
Why is a Savior Complex Dangerous when Dealing with BPD?
While the intentions behind a savior complex may be well-meaning, it can actually end up doing more harm than good. For example, individuals with BPD may struggle with self-esteem and relationship issues, and having someone constantly rescue them can reinforce these negative patterns. Additionally, enabling harmful behavior or neglecting one’s own boundaries can lead to emotional exhaustion and burnout.
It’s important to understand that while we can offer support and help, ultimately it’s up to the individual with BPD to take responsibility for their own healing and growth.
How to Say No to Someone with BPD
Saying no to someone with Borderline Personality Disorder requires a delicate balance of maintaining your own boundaries while also showing empathy and understanding for their feelings. Here are some tips for saying no to someone with BPD:
- Be clear and direct: When saying no, it is important to be clear and direct, without being confrontational or aggressive. State your reasons for saying no, and make sure that they understand your decision.
- Be empathetic: People with BPD are often highly sensitive to perceived criticism or rejection, and it is important to show empathy and understanding for their feelings. Acknowledge their perspective and offer reassurance that your decision is not a reflection of your feelings for them.
- Set boundaries: Maintaining healthy boundaries is a crucial part of any relationship, and it is important to communicate your boundaries clearly and assertively. This may include setting limits on the amount of time you spend with them, or the types of behavior that you are willing to tolerate.
- Stay calm: Try to remain calm and composed, even if the other person becomes emotional. Reacting with anger or frustration can escalate the situation.Use “I” statements: Use “I” statements to express your own feelings and thoughts, rather than blaming the other person. For example, instead of saying “You’re making me upset,” say “I feel upset when you do that.”
- Prepare for a reaction: When saying no to someone with BPD, it is important to be prepared for a potential reaction. They may become angry, moody, or engage in self-destructive behaviors, so it is important to have a plan in place for how to handle these reactions in a healthy and effective manner.
Self Care Tips
Taking care of oneself is crucial when interacting with a person with Borderline Personality Disorder, as it can be emotionally draining. To prioritize your well-being, consider these suggestions:
- Reach out for help: Turn to a trusted friend, family member, or mental health professional for support and a different perspective.
- Be compassionate to yourself: Avoid self-criticism and blame. You are not accountable for the other person’s behavior. Affirm to yourself that you are doing your best in a challenging situation.
- Relax and recharge: Set aside time for activities that bring you happiness and peace, such as reading, physical activity, or spending time outdoors.
- Establish limits: Establish clear boundaries with the person and make sure to enforce them. This can help maintain a healthy relationship and prevent exhaustion.
By focusing on self-care, you can minimize stress and maintain a stable and healthy relationship with someone with BPD.
Borderline Personality Disorder presents as a complicated psychological issue, making it hard for sufferers to have stable relationships. Establishing and preserving healthy limits with someone with BPD can be difficult, however, it is crucial to do so. To effectively convey your boundaries to someone with BPD, it is recommended to approach the situation with understanding, clearly express yourself, remain composed, and treat yourself with kindness.
The Savior Complex. (2023, January 1). Psychology Today. Retrieved January 31, 2023, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-high-functioning-alcoholic/201702/the-savior-complex
How to Handle a Relationship With Someone Who Has Borderline Personality Disorder. (2021, April 26). WebMD. Retrieved January 31, 2023, from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/features/borderline-personality-disorder-relationship
Foxhall, M., Hamilton‐Giachritsis, C., & Button, K. (2019). The link between rejection sensitivity and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 289-326.show less